Posteado por:
xochipilli
Novato


Floods / Inundaciones.

XOCHIPILLIENGLISH



A flood is an overflow of an expanse of water that submerges land. The EU Floods directive defines a flood as a temporary covering by water of land not normally covered by water. In the sense of "flowing water", the word may also be applied to the inflow of the tide. Flooding may result from the volume of water within a body of water, such as a river or lake, which overflows or breaks levees, with the result that some of the water escapes its usual boundaries.
While the size of a lake or other body of water will vary with seasonal changes in precipitation and snow melt, it is not a significant flood unless such escapes of water endanger land areas used by man like a village, city or other inhabited area.
Floods can also occur in rivers, when flow exceeds the capacity of the river channel, particularly at bends or meanders.
Floods often cause damage to homes and businesses if they are placed in natural flood plains of rivers. While flood damage can be virtually eliminated by moving away from rivers and other bodies of water, since time out of mind, people have lived and worked by the water to seek sustenance and capitalize on the gains of cheap and easy travel and commerce by being near water. That humans continue to inhabit areas threatened by flood damage is evidence that the perceived value of living near the water exceeds the cost of repeated periodic flooding.

VOCABULARY

PEOPLE: GENTE

Farmers: people who works in a farm, someone who grows food or keeps animals in order to produce it.
-Granjeros: Gente que trabaja en una granja, alguien que produce comida o mantiene animales para poder producirla.
Labourers: It´s another word for workers.
-Trabajadores, es otra palabra para definir “workers”.

Villagers: many villagers were affected by the floods; village is someone who lives in a village.
-Aldeanos: Muchos aldeanos fueron afectados por las inundaciones. Aldeano es alguien que vive en una aldea.
Residents: They are people who resides in a place.
-Residentes: Son gente que vive en un lugar determinado.
Inhabitants: It is also people who live somewhere or in certain area.
-Habitantes, También es gente que vive en algún lugar o en cierta area.

To describe Group of People who have been affected in a particular way
-Para describir un grupo de gente que ha sido afectada de una particular manera.

The homeless: People who are now without a home.
Sin hogar, gente que esta ahora sin hogar.
The injured: People who have been hurt.
-Los heridos: La Gente que ha sido herida.
The destitute: Means people who have no food, clothing, etc . . .
-Los indigentes, siginifica la gente que no tiene comida, ropa, etc .
The displaced: (place)people have been moved from this place.
-Los desplazados, gente que ha sido movida de su lugar de origen.


PLACES IN THE NEWS

Hospitals: Hospitales.
Fields: Campos.
Villages: Aldeas
Farmland: An area used for farming.
-Zona de granjas: area usada para la actividad ganadera.
Rice paddies: It´s a field where rice is grown: Campos de arroz.
Riverbank: The terrain alongside the bed of a river.
-La zona de terreno al borde y a lo largo de un rio.
Flood-hit areas: Areas golpeadas por la inundación.
Low-lying areas/regions: Zonas bajas y expuestas a la inundación.

SITUATIONS
[video]
Tragedy: very sad events.
-Tragedia, eventos muy tristes.
Disaster: A lot of tragedy.
-Desastre, al igual que tragedia pero muchos eventos a la vez.
Catastrophe: A lot of tragedy in a big scale.
-Catastrofe: Mucha tragedia a gran escala.
Calamity: Unfortunate disaster.
-Calamidad: Desastre desafortunado.

PROBLEMS
Death: Unfortunately they have been dead.
-Muerte: Desafortunadamente han muerto.
Destruction: Infrastructure like the system of roads, streetlights, etc. .
-Destrucción: Infraestructuras como sistemas de carretears, luces, etc. . .
Disease: Enfermedades.
Starvation: When people don´t have enough food to eat, enough nutrition so they are starving to death.
-Hambre:Cuando la gente no tiene suficiente comida, suficiente nutrición y están muriendose de hambre.
Misery: Great sadness, great problems, great hardship.
Miseria: Tristeza, grandes problemas, muchas dificultades.
Hardship: Which means, very difficulty, they are facing a lot of hardship.
Dificultades: Están enfrentando muchas dificultades.


ACTIONS, some verbs in conexion with flood.
[video]
To flood: Another similar is to inundate which means as the same as to flood, when water overtakes the area with wate.
-Otro verbo similar es inundar, que significa lo mismo: Cuando el agua ocupa las zonas fuera del rio.
To respond: means to aswers how the community has to aswer by sending food, money, etc…
-Responder: como una comunidad responde enviando comida, dinero, etc . ..
To wade: To walk in the water.
-Caminar en el agua.
To warn: To let them know what will happen before…
-Avisar, hacerles saber que pasará antes de que acurra.
To rebuild: To reconstruct means to build again after this tragedy.
-Reconstruir: significa volver a contruir después de la tragedia.
To distribute: Food, packages, to the destitute.
-Distribuir: comida, paquetes, a los indigentes.
To evacuate: Many people have been evacuated from the injured area. To move them out of the zone.
-Evacuar: Mucha gente ha sido evacuada de las zonas dañadas. Moverles fuera de la zona.
To donate: When an organization, comunity, association, etc... donates something.
Donar: Cuando una organización, comunidad, asociación dona algo.
To pledge: To promise…. Give a donation in the future.
Prometer: Prometer una donación en el futuro.


Watch Australia´s floods Disaster
[video]

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